We Serve a Mighty God!
Powerful Names of God
Adonai: A plural of majesty. Speaks of more than name, it speaks of relationship. The singular form means “master, owner.” Stresses man’s relationship to God as his master, authority, and provider (Genesis 18:2; 40:1; 1 Samuel 1:15; Exodus 21:1-6; Joshua 5:14).
Alpha and The Omega: “The first and the last, the beginning and the end” (Revelation 21:1:8).
El Elyon: “The Most High God.” Stresses God’s strength, sovereignty, and supremacy (Genesis 14:19; Psalms 9:2; Daniel 7:18, 22, 25).
Elohim: The plural form of EL, meaning “strong one.” It is used of false gods, but when used of the true God, it is a plural of majesty and intimates the trinity. It is especially used of God’s sovereignty, creative work, mighty work for Israel and in relation to His sovereignty (Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 32:27; Genesis 1:1; Isaiah 45:18; Deuteronomy 5:23; 8:15; Psalms 68:7).
El Olam: “The Everlasting God.” Emphasizes God’s unchangeableness and is connected with His inexhaustibleness (Genesis 16:13).
El Shaddai: “God Almighty.” The derivation is uncertain. Some think it stresses God’s loving supply and comfort; others His power as the Almighty one standing on a mountain and who corrects and chastens (Genesis 17:1; 28:3; 35:11; Exodus 6:1; Psalms 91:1, 2).
Father: A distinctive New Testament revelation is that through faith in Christ, God becomes our personal Father. Father is used of God in the Old Testament only 15 times while it is used of God 245 times in the New Testament. As a name of God, it stresses God’s loving care, provision, discipline, and the way we are to address God in prayer (Mathew 7:11; James 1:17; Hebrews 12:5-11; John 15:16; 16:23; Ephesians 2:18; 3:15; 1 Thessalonians 3:11).
Immanuel: "God is with us.” (Isaiah 7:1-8:15; Matthew 1:22-23).
Jehovah Elohim Israel: “The Lord, the God of Israel.” Identifies Jehovah as the God of Israel in contrast to the false gods of the nations (Judges 5:3.; Isaiah 17:6).
Jehovah Jireh: “The Lord will provide.” Stresses God’s provision for His people (Genesis 22:14).
Jehovah Nissi: “The Lord is my Banner.” Stresses that God is our rallying point and our means of victory; the one who fights for His people (Exodus 17:15).
Jehovah Maccaddeshcem: “The Lord your Sanctifier.” Portrays the Lord as our means of sanctification or as the one who sets believers apart for His purposes (Exodus 31:13).
Jehovah Ro’i: “The Lord my Shepherd.” Portrays the Lord as the Shepherd who cares for His people as a shepherd cares for the sheep of his pasture (Psalms 23:1).
Jehovah Sabbaoth: “The Lord of Hosts.” A military figure portraying the Lord as the commander of the armies of heaven (1 Samuel 1:3; 17:45).
Jehovah Shalom: “The Lord is Peace.” Points to the Lord as the means of our peace and rest (Judges 6:24).
Jehovah Shammah: “The Lord is there.” Portrays the Lord’s personal presence in the millennial kingdom (Ezekiel 48:35).
Jehovah Tsidkenu: “The Lord our Righteousness.” Portrays the Lord as the means of our righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6).
Kurios: Greek word translated “Lord.” Stresses authority and supremacy. While it can mean sir (John 4:11), owner (Luke 19:33), master (Colossians 3:22), or even refer to idols (1 Corinthians 8:5) or husbands (1 Peter 3:6), it is used mostly as the equivalent of Jehovah of the Old Testament. It too is used of Jesus Christ meaning (1) Rabbi or Sir (Matthew 8:6); (2) God or Deity (John 20:28; Acts 2:36; Romans 10:9; Philippians 2:11).
Yahweh: Comes from a verb which means “to exist, be.” This, plus its usage, shows that this name stresses God as the independent and self-existent God of revelation and redemption (Genesis 4:3; Exodus 6:3).
Theos: Greek word translated “God.” Primary name for God used in the New Testament. Its use teaches: (1) He is the only true God (Matthews 23:9; Romans 3:30); (2) He is unique (1 Timothy 1:17; John 17:3; Revelation 15:4; 16:7); (3) He is transcendent (Acts 17:24; Hebrews 3:4; Revelation 10:6); (4) He is the Savior (John 3:16; 1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3; 4:10). This name is used of Christ as God in John 1:1, 18; 20:28; 1 John 5:20; Titus 2:13; Romans 9:5; Hebrews 1:8; 2 Peter 1:1.